A report on the containment of communism
Since the United States had been a key ally in liberating western Europe, it found itself deeply involved in this newly divided continent: Eastern Europe wasn't being turned back into free states, but under the military and increasingly political control of the Soviet Union.
Eisenhower relied on clandestine CIA actions to undermine hostile governments and used economic and military foreign aid to strengthen governments supporting the American position in the Cold War. This came at the height of the Greek Civil War of - when much of the world was in conflict over which direction Greece and Turkey should and would go, and the United States agreed to help both equally to avoid the possibility that the Soviet Union could coerce these nations into communism.
Examples of containment during the cold war
However, in response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan , containment was again made a priority. After Vietnam, pressure that had been building up in Congress to begin the withdrawal of forces from South Korea seems to be abating. Marshall proposed that a post-war European aid program be initiated. Communism was on the march. In reality, the policy was anti-Bolshevik as well, and its economic warfare took a major toll on all of Russia. Other international disputes followed. In July a majority of the American public had never even heard of the Marshall Plan. Navy submarine. Origin — [ edit ] Key State Department personnel grew increasingly frustrated with and suspicious of the Soviets as the war drew to a close. The United States wanted to prevent this from spreading further Europe and on to the rest of the world, so they developed a solution called containment to attempt to manipulate the socio-political future of these recovering nations. In the early s, President Kennedy faced a number of troubling situations in his own hemisphere. However, many other Republicans, led by Senator Arthur H. It does not work by fixed plans. For this reason it can easily withdraw—and usually does when strong resistance is encountered at any point.
Completed in Aprilit became known as NSC Even the more outspoken, younger liberals believe that this is not time to press for overseas troops reductions.
Portraying the issue as a mighty clash between "totalitarian regimes" and "free peoples," the speech marks the adoption of containment as official U.
The s and s saw an epidemic of popular films that horrified moviegoers with depictions of nuclear devastation and mutant creatures. As a result, the stakes of the Cold War were perilously high. However, the success of the Inchon landing inspired the U. Because containment required detailed information about Communist moves, the government relied increasingly on the Central Intelligence Agency CIA. State Department asked George F. Embassy in Moscow. The modern concept of containment provides a useful model for understanding the dynamics of this policy. This illustrated webpage takes a brief look at Tito's rule and its effects on the nation. George S. Truman publicly hinted that he might use his "ace in the hole" of the atomic bomb, but Mao was unmoved. Rejecting proposals by General William Westmoreland for U. Still, the Soviets were one step ahead, launching the in April Eisenhower agreed to a propaganda campaign to roll back the influence of communism psychologically, but he refused to intervene in the Hungarian Uprising ,  mainly for fear that it would cause the Third World War. They practiced attack drills in schools and other public places.
DavisTruman was a naive idealist who unnecessarily provoked the Soviets by couching disputes in terms like democracy and freedom that were alien to the Communist vision. The Marshall Plan created an economic miracle in Western Europe.
Because containment required detailed information about Communist moves, the government relied increasingly on the Central Intelligence Agency CIA. By the target date of the program four years later, Western European industries were producing twice as much as they had been the year before war broke out. Truman's motives on that occasion have been the subject of considerable scholarship and several schools of interpretation. It was only a matter of time before Hungary and Czechoslovakia fell into the Soviet orbit. An outstanding resource. Visit Website Did you know? His focus shifted to negotiating a settlement, which was finally reached in Both countries were on the verge of being taken over by Soviet-backed guerrilla movements. As a result, the stakes of the Cold War were perilously high. Nixon reduced U. Yugoslavia had an independent communist leader named Tito. Rather, the concern is that political or military upheavals in Korea would lead to insecurity in Japan, with the threat that a Japan now dependent upon the United States for its defense would rise up once again as a militaristic power in Asia. By , the intervention was entirely anti-communist, although the unpopularity of the assault led it to be gradually withdrawn. Like the Monroe doctrine, the Truman doctrine states the American stance on potential aggression and what the consequences might be.
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