An argument in favor of the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes
Cons of medical marijuanas
Conclusions After reviewing pertinent scientific data, it is evident that there is ample evidence to warrant the Obama Administration to authorize the DEA to reclassify marijuana as a Schedule II drug, which would allow the drug to be used for medical purposes. Scientific research has shown that the benefits of medical marijuana greatly outweigh the burdens. In recognition and acceptance of the effectiveness of medical marijuana, sixteen states have approved initiatives to make marijuana legal for medicinal purposes [ 3 ], including Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Hawaii, Maine, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Washington, as well as the District of Columbia. Congress is supposed to represent the will of the people. Failure to provide an available therapy that has been proven effective would violate the basic ethical principle of beneficence, which is the obligation of physicians to seek the well-being or benefit of the patient. The issue of medical marijuana is now firmly encased in the halls of the judicial system in states like Montana and California. The Supreme Court, in a divided decision, reversed the Ninth Circuit and held that the federal government is acting squarely within its rights to criminalize the manufacture and possession of marijuana even where states approve its use for medicinal purposes. Medical marijuana has proven invaluable in the battle against terminal illnesses; however, unless the federal government publically acknowledges this fact, numerous terminal patients will continue to suffer needlessly. Since this seems to be the only therapy to date that relieves the pain and suffering of these patients, one can argue convincingly that it is a medical necessity. One of the first states to do so was Arizona. Three reasons marijuana should be legal Let's first have a look at some of the convincing arguments for why legalization makes sense. Three reasons marijuana should remain illegal Now that you understand why legalization might work, let's look at the various reasons the current federal scheduling might make more sense.
Each participant was given a letter from the FDA authorizing them to use this illegal substance that can bring a federal prison term of five years. Arizona law mandated that the prescribing physician must: document that scientific research exists which supports the use of a Schedule I substance for this purpose, receive written consent from the patient, and obtain the written opinion of a second medical doctor that the prescription is appropriate.
Why should marijuanas be legalized
Since the U. They play a role in regulating pleasure, memory, thinking, concentration, body movement, awareness of time, appetite, pain, and the senses taste, touch, smell, hearing, and sight. More evidence is being gathered demonstrating early or heavy marijuana use might not only trigger psychosis in people who are already susceptible, but might also cause psychosis in some people who might not otherwise have developed it; however, direct cause and effect cannot be asserted with absolute certainty from that individual study [ 22 ]. Marijuana is safer than some other medications prescribed to treat the same symptoms. The intention of smoked marijuana is not to cause more health problems but to remedy the effects of existing treatments. The hypothesized foreseen but unintended consequences of legalizing medical marijuana are two-fold. One such study of more than 50, young Swedish soldiers found that those who had smoked marijuana at least once were more than twice as likely to develop schizophrenia as those nonsmokers. This will, however, likely require a much larger body of legitimate scientific research to prove or disprove the efficacy of medical marijuana, and potentially loosen the restrictions on its use. In addition, adulterants such as pesticides and fertilizers can compromise the purity of the marijuana [ 25 ]. On March 17, , a panel of 11 independent experts at the Institute of Medicine released an extensive analysis of the medical uses of marijuana. Although significant numbers of people in the survey did use soft and hard drugs, this was linked with personal characteristics and a predilection to experimentation [ 81 ]. Medical Marijuana Laws and Prescription Opioid Use Outcomes A new study underscores the need for additional research on the effect of medical marijuana laws on opioid overdose deaths and cautions against drawing a causal connection between the two.
Thousands of patients who have smoked marijuana illegally for medical purposes have attested to its effectiveness. Instead, as this argument suggests, medical marijuana should be given more credence in the legal and sociopolitical sphere and should be an acceptable form of treatment and relief for qualified patients.
The greater good is promoted in spite of the potential evil consequences. That halted a year trend of an increasing number of opioid-related deaths in the state. Nevertheless, this has not been proven to be true.
These studies state that the alleviating benefits of marijuana outweigh the negative effects of the drug, and recommend that marijuana be administered to patients who have failed to respond to other therapies.
As a result, physicians find themselves at the center of this controversy, searching for a compromise between medical necessity and government restrictions.
The main psychoactive compound of marijuana is deltatetrahydrocannabinol THC [ 20 ]. First and perhaps most obviously, is criminal law.
A more pure form of smoked marijuana i. This misinterpretation of the legalization of medical marijuana can be corrected through public education.
An argument in favor of the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes
In , the federal government terminated this program, which was the only legal way to obtain access to marijuana. If this analysis has shown anything, it is the paramount importance that prescribing physicians and patients alike are aware that the legal status of medical marijuana, despite the laws of sixteen states and the District of Columbia, is entirely unresolved. Thanks for your feedback! That power is known as the Commerce Clause. Studies show that smoking marijuana alone without the concurrent use of tobacco does not increase the risk of lung diseases. Johnson K. Please try again. The principle of double effect specifies four conditions which must be fulfilled for an action with both a good and an evil effect to be ethically justified: The action, considered by itself and independently of its effects, must not be morally evil. To deny them access to such therapies is to deny them the dignity and respect all persons deserve. Nonetheless, states continue to pass such laws.
based on 92 review