Essay on machiavelli contribution to politics

One social ideal of the Renaissance was Humanism.

machiavelli views

And like most of the best writers on the subject, from Plato onwards, Machiavelli had a polemical doctrine to put forward as well as an explanatory theory; he wanted to influence his readers as well as to enlarge their knowledge. Kibin does not guarantee the accuracy, timeliness, or completeness of the essays in the library; essay content should not be construed as advice.

The supreme objective of a prince is always to maintain the unity of his state and to bring it under good administration.

Machiavelli contribution to political philosophy

Machiavelli was one of the top policy-makers of the state. His prince had no limit to what extent he could go and similarly his law-giver had unlimited power to make law. If I think that I should not obey a particular law, what eventually leads me to submit to that law will be either a fear of the power of the state or the actual exercise of that power. The answer stems from Machiavelli's aim to contrast the best case scenario of a monarchic regime with the institutions and organization of a republic. Discourses CW If the downfall of principalities is the fixed structure of human character, then the failing of republics is a devotion to the perpetuation of institutional arrangements whose time has passed. Needless to say that Solon was a famous legislator. They're not intended to be submitted as your own work, so we don't waste time removing every error. For just as with individual human beings, it is difficult if not impossible to change their personal characteristics, so institutions in republics do not change with the times … but change very slowly because it is more painful to change them since it is necessary to wait until the whole republic is in a state of upheaval; and for this it is not enough that one man alone should change his own procedure. Machiavelli adopted this position on both pragmatic and principled grounds. Machiavelli advised his prince to adopt such power. He possessed a clear conception about human nature and for such nature a powerful state is essential. He was a materialist and, at the same time, realist. Even the most excellent monarchy, in Machiavelli's view, lacks certain salient qualities that are endemic to properly constituted republican government and that make the latter constitution more desirable than the former. Machiavelli was no friend of the institutionalized Christian Church as he knew it.

Just as Borgia brought good government to the Romagna by using a cruel administrator to frighten everyone into submission, and then avoided responsibility himself for the use of such cruel means by replacing his assistant with a civil court, so, Machiavelli suggests, the king of France has acted both to secure his own rule and to escape blame for the means by setting up a court in which the people judge the nobles.

In order to fight human beings of this nature a prince must have enormous power.

Machiavelli political philosophy summary

For Machiavelli it is meaningless and futile to speak of any claim to authority and the right to command which is detached from the possession of superior political power. His conviction was that only a powerful prince could save Italy from disunity, profligacy and debauchery. His idea of power politics is absolutely pragmatic. During this time, Machiavelli thrived under the patronage of the Florentine gonfaloniere or chief administrator for life Piero Soderini. In support of his conclusion Machiavelli drew examples from ancient history of various European states. To continue reading this article you will need to purchase access to the online archive. In the Discourses he has elaborated this idea. In his opinion the anarchy of the state of nature was not congenial for the progress of the society and for that reason he suggested that a new society would be built up at the head of which there shall be a powerful sovereign authority. The area of politics is absolutely separate from that of religion and morality. Although there has been much debate about whether Machiavelli was truly a friend of princes and tyrants or of republics, and hence whether we should dismiss one or another facet of his writing as ancillary or peripheral, the questions seems irresolvable. The liberty of the whole, for Machiavelli, depends upon the liberty of its component parts.

In turn, when they fear the onset of such oppression, ordinary citizens are more inclined to object and to defend the common liberty. They will demand ever more offices and goods as the price of their continued support.

This division of Italy, Machiavelli was convinced, was the root cause of the backwardness and numerous ills from which Italy suffered. His life can be divided into three periods. Socrates and Machiavelli, both philosophers in what it means to be a proper leader and the role of the people within a society, share contrasting views.

Like Machiavelli, Hegel was also the worshipper of absolute power.

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The prince of the people: Machiavelli was no ‘Machiavellian’