Platos concept of justice essay

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For Plato, philosophers are higher people because they have wisdom. If there is knowledge also, the philosophers can make mistake. The highest class. In reality justice is often times simply a word applied to broken concepts that those in power use to more effectively control those they are in charge of. In the republic, he sets out to define what is justice and its role to the society. Justice is illustrated as speaking the paying one's debts, helping one's friends and harming one's enemies, and the advantage of the stronger. If person is not responsible for his duty there will be disorder in the society, that society creates problem in the state. Plato in his philosophy gives very important place to the idea of justice. At this juncture the new point of view is stated by Glaucon and he put Forward a form of what was later to be known as a social contract theory, arguing we are only moral because, it pays us or we have to be. This harmony of the whole is possible only through the virtues in the state and virtues of person. But the unjust men did not have virtuous life, he desires to satisfy their own interest and have the great ambitions to keep their positions. In order to avoid the injustice, virtue must be there in the state and among the people. It is therefore, not born of fear of the weak but of the longing of the human soul to do a duty according to its nature.

Because, in the time of Plato, there was no concept of justice and Cephalus is the one who firstly used the term justice. True justice to Plato, therefore, consists in the principle of non-interference. Here philosophers are wiser people, but they are not able to recognize what is right or wrong.

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According to Plato individual and state are important roles, if there is no, individual there is no state. As a man and therefore and moral agent is no more wise and good than an instrumentalist who should refuse to recognize such a thing as the right pitch.

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Laws help people behave virtuously. If any society can be called master of itself and in the control of pleasure and desires, it will be a better state.

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These laws provide justice for all the people in the city. Plato was highly dissatisfied with the prevailing degenerating conditions in Athens. Although, the topic being vast and complicated it is somewhat defined or theorized as human virtue that makes a person befitting and good; justice is a social awareness that makes a society peaceful and good.

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Cephalus, Polemarchus and Thrasymachus were mainly arguing and clarifying their concepts of justice. If there is harmonious order in the city, there is peaceful atmosphere and justice in all people. If any society can be called master of itself and in the control of pleasure and desires, it will be a better state. Even Socrates word for his hold new proposal, the community of women suggests that the women are to be held in common by the men. He defines justice as "the interest of the stronger". Throughout his book, Plato deliberately expresses his belief that it takes a special kind of knowledge and wisdom to rule a nation justly and successfully. They never try to satisfy their own advantage.
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[Plato Theory of Justice, Basic Idea, Definition & Critical Analysis