Mischel reported a significant ethnic difference, with Indian children showing far more ability to delay gratification as compared to African students, as well as large age differences, and that "Comparison of the 'high' versus 'low' socioeconomic groups on the experimental choice did not yield a significant difference".
The original experiment took place at the Bing Nursery School located at Stanford Universityusing children of ages four to six as subjects. But Watts, a scholar at the Steinhardt school of culture, education and human development at NYU, says the test results are no longer so straightforward.
They described the results in a studywhich suggested that delayed gratification had huge benefits, including on such measures as standardized test scores.
We want to hear what you think about this article. Other studies found that children unable to defer gratification were more likely to be become overweight or obese 30 years later and were in worse general health in adulthood. Origins[ edit ] The experiment has its roots in an earlier one performed in Trinidadwhere Mischel noticed that the different ethnic groups living on the island had contrasting stereotypes about one another, in terms of the other's perceived recklessness, self-controland ability to have fun.
Research suggests that superior results on a delayed-gratification task during the toddler years is associated with better performance in school and in jobs, healthier relationships, and even fewer chronic diseases.
But now, it's discovered that it all comes down to your expectation, if you expect to get tired after a workout, you'll be tired, and if you expect to get energized after solving a math puzzle, you will be The experimenter explained to the child that the experimenter sometimes has to go out of the room but if the child eats a pretzel the experimenter will come back into the room.
In essence: The power is not in the stimulus, however, but in how it is mentally appraised: if you change how you think about it, its impact on what you feel and do changes, The tempting chocolate mousse on the restaurant dessert tray loses its allure if you imagine a cockroach just snacked on it in the kitchen 2.
In each condition each experimenter ran two boys and two girls in order to avoid systematic biasing effects from sex or experimenters.